Thursday, November 28, 2013

What? A Phantom for the US Army?


HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Ever since the Key West Agreement of 1948 (pet name for the policy paper titled “Function of the Armed Forces and the Joint Chiefs of Staff”), which limited Army aviation activities to reconnaissance and medical evacuation purposes and put severe weight restrictions on any aircraft, the Army has maintained that the Air Force was too strategic (ie nuclear) minded and not giving enough attention to the tactical and logistical needs of the Army.  As a result the Army often pushed the envelope of the agreement limits, citing the need for better transport and close air support assets.

To try and smooth the troubled waters, in 1952 a memorandum of understanding was reached between USAF Secretary Thomas Finletter and US Army Secretary Frank Pace that removed all weight restrictions on helicopters operated by the Army.  It did however; place an arbitrary 5,000 pound weight restriction on any fixed-wing aircraft.

During the late 1950s the Army Aviation Test Board and the Aviation Combat Developments Agency (ACDA) began to jointly explore the feasibility of using Army-operated fixed-wing jet aircraft in the artillery adjustment, tactical reconnaissance, and ground attack roles.  In early 1958 three Cessna T-37As were borrowed from the Air Force for a one year evaluation program dubbed Project LONG ARM.  The Army’s evaluation found the T-37 to be ideal for their needs, and the Aviation Board and the ACDA recommended quantity procurement of the type.  But the Air Force, citing the Key West Agreement, put pressure on the Army and eventually the program was dropped. 

But the Army wasn’t done, the battle may have been won by the Air Force, but the war had just begun.  In 1961 the Army Aviation Test Board and the ACDA once again stirred the pot by trying not one, not two, but three jet aircraft types in a competitive “fly-off”.  The aircraft chosen were the Northrop N-156 lightweight fighter prototype, The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk, and the Fiat G.91.  Ostensibly these aircraft were to be used as tactical reconnaissance and target spotting and artillery adjustment roles, but it was hard not to notice that each of these aircraft had offensive weapons capability, which was clearly contrary to the Key West Agreement.  Again the Army’s tests were in vain because Air Force pressure again forced the Army to scuttle its plans for jet fixed-wing aircraft.

Meanwhile the Army had acquired a fleet of fixed-wing aircraft ranging from the Piper L-4 (730 pounds empty) to the DeHavilland-Canada U-1 Otter ( 4,431 pounds empty).  All of these aircraft easily fit under the limitations of the Pace-Finletter MOU of 1952.  Air Force apprehension rose when the Army in 1962 awarded a contract to DeHavilland- Canada  for the CV-2 Caribou (later the C-7).  This aircraft was exactly what the Army wanted, a rugged and reliable aircraft that could haul nearly 4 tons of cargo or 40 passengers into and out of the roughest forward air fields.  The Army quickly made it the poster child of Army Aviation.  Oh, did I forget to mention that it weighed 16,920 pounds empty?  Even though it was a tactical cargo aircraft, which was supposedly taboo, the Army  justified it by a new concept the Army was incorporating called “Air Mobility”.

By now you are wondering “what has all this got to do with the Phantom II?”  Be patient, I’m almost there.

Naturally the Air Force was a bit peeved.  The Army had not only purchased a tactical cargo aircraft, it had armed helicopters (which the Army was not supposed to do), and to add salt to the wound, the US Army talked the US Marine Corps into sponsoring a battlefield observation aircraft from Grumman, both sides knowing full well that the Navy would never buy it for the Marines.  But as a result the Army “found” this nice “little” Marine aircraft that nobody wanted and decided to be nice and order a bunch.  Enter the Grumman OV-1 Mohawk.  A bit heavy at around 11,500 pounds empty, but it was the perfect battlefield observation aircraft and it was really needed in a hot spot that was heating up called Vietnam.  It even had pylons which could carry fuel tanks (not to mention the odd gun pod or missile launcher). The Air Force was not amused.

Finally we get the Johnson-McConnell Agreement of 1966, where the Army agreed to turn over its fleet of Caribous and the newer Buffalo, and pursue their development of VTOL aircraft on a joint basis with the Air Force.  The Air Force agreed to let the Army continue to develop and operate rotary wing aircraft, without weight restrictions, and would not interfere with their tactical helicopter operations (even armed helicopters) in support of the Army’s mission.  The one aircraft that was an exception was the Mohawk which the Army was permitted to continue to use (It really was a great battlefield observation aircraft with its side looking radar and other sensors).

Sorry for the history lesson, but it is necessary to understand the climate that the McDonnell proposed Phantom II ground support aircraft for the Army was introduced into.

THE PROPOSED MCDONNELL PHANTOM II GROUND SUPPORT AIRCRAFT FOR THE ARMY
In 1961 McDonnell drew up specifications for two attack aircraft based on the F-4H airframe.  I don’t know if they ever were presented to the Army, but I assume they were because they are on the books as Models 98DA and 98DB with the US Army as the proposed customer.  This would have been about the time of the evaluation fly-off of the N-156, A-4, and the G.91, so I imagine that McDonnell didn't want to get left out if the Army was going for jet aircraft.

MODEL 98DA

The Model 98DA was a model F4H-1 modified for the Army ground support mission. It was offered in two versions - G-1 and alternate G-1 with changes as follows:
  1. Two place aircraft.
  2. Remove all electronic equipment items and replace with close support equipment to provide visual delivery of ground support weapons and visual lay down capabilities.
  3. Replace single main landing gear tire with dual 30 x 7.7 tires.
  4. Deactivate wing fold and remove catapult and arresting gear.
  5. Remove Sparrow III missiles and supporting equipment and electronics.
  6. Remove equipment refrigeration package for equipment cooling, utilizing cabin refrigeration unit to also cool equipment.
  7. Add cartridge starters and battery.
  8. Replace present arresting gear with lightweight hook.
  9. Add IFR boom receptacle.
  10. Powered by two General Electric J79-GE-8 turbojet or Allison AR-168-18 (Allison built Rolls Royce Spey RB-168) turbofan engines.
  11. (Alternate G-1 only) Add one M-61 Vulcan aircraft cannon with 930 rounds 20mm ammunition.
MODEL 98DB

The Model 98DB was the same as model 98DA but further modified for the Army ground support mission with changes as follows:
  1. Single-seat Aircraft
  2. Remove rear seat and all associated controls, instruments, and equipment. (Space available for equipment growth and/or reconnaissance capability)
  3. Remove rear canopy glass and replace with sheet metal.
  4. Remove rear canopy electrical and jettison equipment and modify manual controls to open and close hatch.
  5. Eliminate Central Air Data Computer (CADC) and flight control group equipment.
  6. Remove IFR Probe and all associated equipment.
  7. Remove variable bellmouth from engine duct, keep bellmouth controller to control variable inlet ramps.
  8. Powered by two General Electric J79-GE-8 turbojet engines.

THOUGHTS
It is evident that these proposed aircraft were clearly a much stripped-down attack version of the Phantom II.  Almost all of the air-to-air capability has been stripped away.  Some of the proposed changes indicate that this wasn’t intended to be a high-speed aircraft.  The dual main gear, obviously intended to help the aircraft operate out of rough, forward area airstrips, would have hung out into the airstream, and even if fairings would have been utilized to blend it into the wing, they would have had a performance hit.  The elimination of the CADC and bellmouth would also have curtailed any high-speed / altitude flight.  This aircraft was intended to be a mud-fighter – a low altitude, subsonic aircraft that could manually deliver an impressive load of munitions on a given target.

I am sure that the Army didn't show a lot of interest because, even in the stripped down state presented by these proposals, the F-4 was just too much of an aircraft both weight-wise and complexity to operate out of primitive forward area airstrips.  Maintenance would have been a head ache, and even with the dual main wheels, I am sure it would sink into any soft soil it would come in contact with.  The T-37, which was the early favorite, would have probably served the Army well in their intended role.  But in the end the Army didn't pursue any jet aircraft, and the Air Force won the war in the end.





REFERENCES:
  1. US Army Aircraft Since 1947, by Stephen Harding
  2. Note by the Secretaries to the Joint Chiefs of Staf- Functions of the Armed Forces and the Joint Chiefs of Staff – Reference J.C.S 1478 Series, dated 21 April 1948
  3. A History of Army Aviation: From Its Beginnings to the War on Terror, by James Williams
  4. Tactical Airlift. United States Air Force in Southeast Asia, by Ray Bowers
  5. McDonnell List of Proposed Models, dated 1 July 1974

REVISIONS:

28 November 2013 – Initial Post

Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Phantoms that never were built… RF-4M


In 1957 the British Secretary of State for Defense, Duncan Sands, presented a white paper which called for the elimination of manned aircraft in favor of missile systems.  To compound matters, the Royal Navy was chosen as the best means to deliver these missiles which would be submarine based ICBMs and tactical weapons delivered from their aircraft carriers.  This left the British Aircraft Industry and the Royal Air Force (RAF) with just one aircraft project on the books, a replacement for the venerable Canberra.  This resulted in the TSR2 project which, after spending 200 million pounds in development, was cancelled and the prototypes relegated to museums and the scrap yard.
The RAF needed a multi-purpose fighter, one which could perform the duties of the aging Hunter, Canberra, and Lightning aircraft currently in service.  The Royal Navy had already given up waiting for the V/STOL P.1154 which would not be available for 6 years (eventually itself cancelled), and had decided to move ahead with an Anglicized Phantom II to be known as the F-4K (or Phantom FG Mk.1).  The RAF needed an aircraft which would handle Interdiction, Ground Attack and Reconnaissance roles.  Since the Royal Navy had already chosen the Phantom, the RAF realized (and so did the bean counters in the government) that they could get this very capable aircraft and spread the cost of Anglicizing the aircraft over a larger number of airframes.  Thus the idea for the F-4M (or Phantom FGR Mk.2) was born. 

McDonnell had approached the RAF before with Phantom proposals to meet their needs.  In 1960 they had proposed model 98CJ (proposed as F-4H) which was essentially an F-4B with some modifications for the RAF.  It was to be powered by Rolls Royce RB-168 engines with cartridge starters, dual controls for transitional training, the shipboard catapult, wing fold, and arresting gear was to be removed and replaced by a lighter, non-retracting tail hook for emergency use, and increased internal fuel provisions.  Then in 1964 McDonnell proposed model 98EO (proposed as F-4E) which was essentially the F-4D with Rolls Royce RB168-25R engines.

So when the RAF showed interest, McDonnell was quick to give them a proposal.  On 21 January 1965 the specifications for the model 98GN (proposed as the F-4M) was finalized and given to the RAF, which was essentially the same as the F-4K that the Royal Navy had ordered, with the removal of some Navy specific equipment like the extending nose gear strut.  This resulted in an order for 150 aircraft.

One very interesting proposal came out of the RAF’s requirement for the ability to use the phantom to replace the Hunter and Canberra in the reconnaissance role.  Britain could not afford (or chose not to purchase) a dedicated reconnaissance version like the RF-4B or -4C.  But in McDonnell Report No. B617, dated 1 August 1966 and titled The Royal Air Force Phantom II, McDonnell showed two options to fill this role. 

The first option was a centerline pod which was about the size of the 600gal centerline fuel tank.  It was proposed that all the F-4Ms be built with the capability to use this pod.  The advantages of this system was that all the equipment could be moved from one aircraft to another as needed, repairs to the equipment could be performed without taking the aircraft out of service, and the aircraft would keep its full air-to-air capability.  The disadvantages were that the range would be reduced since there would be no centerline fuel tank, aircraft performance would be somewhat affected (although not much more than the centerline tank), and the aircraft, which already had very little room for added equipment, would have to have accommodate long cable harnesses to connect the pod to the newly added equipment for the cockpit and systems.

 
The second option McDonnell proposed was for a modification of the F-4M airframe to house the reconnaissance equipment internally.  This was model 98HT (proposed as RF-4M) and would add 2.65 feet just aft of the radome to house the cameras.  While this option would have increased range because it would be lighter than the F-4M with the recce pod, and it was able to carry a centerline fuel tank, this option was less desirable to the RAF because only the aircraft that were modified could fulfill the reconnaissance role; the modification would be more costly than the first option and thus fewer aircraft would be purchased with this option. Ultimately the modified aircraft would be less versatile since the FCS (fire control system) and AIM-7 Sparrow capability would be removed to make room for the reconnaissance equipment.  I assume that the RF-4M would retain its IR AAM capability.



 
Ultimately, due to the higher cost of the Anglicized version of the Phantom and pressing budgetary concerns, the RAF order was ultimately reduced to 116 aircraft and they chose to go with the EMI/McDonnell reconnaissance pod so that all the aircraft would be able to perform any task including reconnaisance.


Sources:
  1. McDonnell Report B617, dated 1 August 1966
  2. McDonnell List of Proposed Models, dated 1 July 1974
  3. Aeroguide 13 - McDonnell Phantom FG Mk.1 & FGR Mk.2, by Roger Chesneau
Revisions:

20 November 2013 - Original Post

Friday, November 1, 2013

This and that (nothing specific ...but more questions!)

In reading the book "Engineering the F-4 Phantom II - Parts into Systems" by Glenn E Bugos, I have run into some very interesting information.

1. The first item that raised questions in my mind was the designation F-4P.  I had never heard that variant before from any source and so it sent up red flags, and I need verification from at least one or two more sources before I believe it. To quote exactly what Mr. Bugos said:

"From their experience against SAMs and various NATO weapons in the hands of its Arab enemies, the Israelis devised a mysterious electronic warfare version, dubbed the F-4P.  Since some Israeli enemies were U.S. customers, Israel did not share every modification with the American military."

While I am sure there were quite a few modifications that Israel made to their aircraft that weren't shared with the U.S. military, I question the F-4P designation.  Israel didn't seem to put much stock into numeric designations, but rather used names to identify differing models.  In the case of the F-4 Phantom variants Israel used  Kurnass (F-4E), Tsalam Shabul (F-4E(S)), Kurnass Tsilum (RF-4E), and then Kurnass 2000, etc.

According to John Lake and David Donald in the fine work "McDonnell F-4 Phantom - Spirit in the Skies," the F-4P designation was at one time earmarked for the HIAC/PCC mockup that was later to become the never built F-4X program. (We know now that this ended up in the scaled back project that became the F-4E(S) Tsalam Shabul for Israel under Project Peace Jack).

Meanwhile, the whole idea that there still is an undocumented version of the Kurnass used for electronic warfare has peaked my interest.

2.   In his book Mr. Bugos also talks about the Navy's decision to delete the cannon armament and go with a completely missile armament on the F4H.  Here are what he gives as the reasons for that decision:
  1. Missiles and their associated equipment were much lighter than the cannons and associated equipment that they replaced.
  2. They were much cheaper than an aircraft. (you may be thinking at this point...duh, really?  But the reasoning here is that with cannon armament the aircraft has to get dangerously close to the target, which increases the possibility that the aircraft itself may be lost in a dogfight.)
  3. Self-guided missiles reduced the workload of the aviators (Navy pilots), who only had to mash a button in response to symbols on a radar screen, rather than engaging in a dogfight (see rationale in #2 above),
  4. The use of guided missiles allowed a more flexible reconstruction of the F4Hs interception system.
3. Another tidbit of information I found fascinating was the problems that early testing of the J79 engine in the F4H turned up.  It seems that on static (teathered) engine runs at high throttle settings the titanium and steel shingle panels, just aft of the engines, quickly fell apart and departed the aircraft due to cracks and fatigue from the sonic roar-induced vibrations of the engine.  That required a thickening of the panels and larger fasteners and washers to hold them in place.

4.  A Phantom by any other name.  It seems that just before the YF4H-1 roll-out, there was a vote taken of McDonnell and Navy personnel to choose the name for the new aircraft.  The choices offered were Sprite, Ghost, Goblin, Satan, and Phantom II.  (I guess Mr. McDonnell had a special interest in the spirit world to such a extent that the War Department, in June 1946, had reserved for Mr. McDonnell the names of inhabitants of the spirit world.)  Well the vote came in and the top two vote getters were Satan and Ghost. So how did it become Phantom II?  Well, the only vote that really counted was Mr. McDonnell's, so at the last moment he decided to call it Phantom II in honor of the jet fighter that had moved his company from making parts for other aircraft manufacturers to designing and manufacturing their own aircraft. (F-4 Sprite?????  I think not!)


References:
  1. Engineering the F-4 Phantom II - Parts into Systems, by Glenn E Bugos
  2. McDonnell F-4 Phantom - Spirit in the Skies, edited by John Lake and David Donald
Revisions:

11/01/2013 - Original Post
11/04/2013 - Added information from McDonnell F-4 Phantom Spirit in the Skies, to the F-4P designation.

Sunday, October 27, 2013

USAF F-4 Wild Weasel Aircraft before the F-4G



As the air war in Vietnam heated up, and the Soviet Union started supplying the North Vietnamese armed forces with better air defenses, the US Air Force realized the need for what became known as Wild Weasel aircraft to help suppress the SAMs.  Their first attempt was the F-100F Wild Weasel I aircraft.  While the F-100F was successful in suppressing SAM activity, it had one glaring weakness - speed.  The F-105s that were carrying out the bombing campaign found themselves flying very slow so they didn't out-distance the F-100s that were providing them protection.

A newer airframe was needed, one that could keep pace with the fighter-bomber formations without effecting their performance.  The two airframes that were available at the time were the F-105 Thunderchief and the F-4 Phantom II.  So the US Air Force initiated parallel programs fitting the Wild Weasel electronic suites into both aircraft.  This decision was based on the fact that there were a finite number of F-105s available as production had been closed on that aircraft, but the F-4 was still in production and could make up for combat loses with new aircraft.  This decision was to prove to be a very wise one.


(E)F-4C Wild Weasel IV

The first flight of a Weasel EF-105F took place on 15 January 1966, with first flight of a Weasel F-4C expected to take place six months later in July of the same year.  But the F-4C conversion was very protracted and was beset by one problem after another.  The first problem was simply one of space.  While the F-105 and F-4 were roughly the same size, the F-105 was a single engine aircraft where the F-4 with its two engines needed more real estate for fuel lines, control lines, and electronics just to operate. In short, the Phantom was a jam-packed aircraft and simply could not handle the added electronics and wiring required to properly install Wild Weasel equipment without some major revisions.

The (E)F-4C Wild Weasel went through several versions during development.  The first - Wild Weasel IV-A was a pod mounted system in the starboard rear missile well.  All of the Sparrow launch equipment and wiring were removed and replace with the necessary electronics and wiring for the Wild Weasel mission.  Itek/ATI APR-25 and -26 RHAW  equipment was installed and a IR-133 Panoramic Receiver was put in the pod.  Sounds nice, but it didn't work, there was high interference coming from someplace and it gave either erratic displays or no display at all.  For a year the engineers beat their collective head against the wall, trying to  understanding how the same system that worked well in the F-100F and EF-105F resulted in nothing but problems on the F-4.  Finally Mr. C.K. Bullock the brain-child of the Wild Weasel I system installed in the F-100F was brought in as a consultant and he spotted the problem right away. The F-100 and F-105 both used low-capacitance coaxial cable to carry the video information to the RHAW scopes to match the low-capacitance wiring of the of the aircraft. The F-4, on the other hand, used high-capacitance wiring on its systems so they had used high-capacitance wiring to incorporate the Wild Weasel installation.  The equipment wasn't designed for that.


With this problem solved, McDonnell began flight tests of the Wild Weasel 4, but further problems with vibration in the pod caused erratic displays, again delaying the program. Meanwhile EF-105F Weasels were already in combat and were achieving a lot of success. It became obvious to McDonnell Engineers that somehow the system would have to be mounted internally.

McDonnell engineers began working feverishly on Project Wild Weasel IV-C, the reengineering effort to make room in the F-4C for the Wild Weasel components. Finally, in June of 1968, almost two years after the scheduled deployment of at least four (E)F-4C Weasels, the installation of the electronics in their new internal spaces was begun!  The new installation worked as advertised and the first operational (E)F-4C Wild Weasel was delivered to the 67th TFS based at Kadena AB, ROK on October of 1969. 


By this time is seemed that the Vietnam War was winding down and the EF-105Fs seemed to have things well in hand, so the (E)F-4Cs were not needed. But, the 67th TFS (E)F-4Cs would get a crack at combat. Because of the North Vietnamese Easter Offensive in 1972, President Nixon ordered a full resumption of bombing military targets in North Vietnam. Many more aircraft were committed to LINEBACKER operations than before and the sole Wild Weasel EF-105F unit in SEA could not handle the increased mission load. In October of 1972, the 67th TFS was alerted for combat duty and was sent TDY to Korat, Thailand, just in time for the LINEBACKER II maximum effort in December. The (E)F-4Cs performed admirably while flying over 460 missions

(E)F-4C Wild Weasel IV-C of the 67th TFS
The Wild Weasel (E)F-4C could be distinguished from a standard fighter only by the additional antennas on the aircraft. Around the nose at forty-live degree positions, were the four diamond-shaped homing antennas for the ER-142. Under the nose are a short blade antenna for the APR-26, and the two small stub omni antennas directly in front of the nose gear wheel well are for the ER-142. Above the wing/fuselage juncture the raised square patch with a six inch black circle is the ER-142 direction finding antenna. The antennas for the APR-25are found inside the chin fairing under the radome, and in a fairing on the trailing edge of the vertical fin. The rear cockpit was extensively modified with the upper right corner of the rear instrument panel being taken up with RHAW scopes and Threat Display Panels.

Thirty-six (E)F-4Cs were eventually modified to Wild Weasel IV-C specifications, twelve were assigned to the 67th TFS, Kadena AB, ROK; twelve to the 81st TFS, Spangdalem, West Germany; with the final twelve being assigned to the 35th TFW at George AFB, California - the new home of the Wild Weasels.

The (E)F-4C Wild Weasel was a very successful conversion once all the bugs were ironed out.  But not every weapon system is flawless.  The one glaring weakness with the (E)F-4C was the lack of the ability to use the AGM-78 Standard ARM missile.



(E)F-4C Wild Weasel IV-C of the 81st TFS

 

(E)F-4D Wild Weasel IV-B

There were two F-4Ds modified for the Wild Weasel mission under Project Wild Weasel IV-B. Both aircraft (65-657 and 65-660), were used to test the Bendix APS-107 Radar Homing and Warning (RHAW) system with an ER-142 panoramic receiver. Although the APS-107 gear was more sophisticated and accurate than the APR-25/-26 units and finally gave the (E)F-4 the ability to use the AGM-78 Standard ARM, it proved unreliable and erratic under combat conditions - at least for the Wild Weasel mission.

Several standard F-4Ds were used to test other programs relative to the Wild Weasel mission. One aircraft (65-0644) was used to test the AGM-78 Standard ARM missile, and several F-4Ds were used to perfect the AGM-65 Maverick missile.

(E)F-4D Wild Weasel V Test Platform

 At least two F-4Ds (66-7635 and 66-7647) were modified and equipped with the new McDonnell-Douglas designed APR-38 Warning and Attack System, the basis of the entire F-4G program. 

Originally, the F-4G program had originally been slated for installation in ninety F-4Ds, but the Air Force opted for the more modem F-4E.  This decision was made because the F-4E had much more internal volume available (especially once the gun was removed) and it was considered the cheaper option because the F-4E aircraft were much more up to date than the F-4Ds which would have to be brought up to the current state of the art. This was apparent in testing the (E)F-4D test aircraft which had to carry much of the electronics in a special canoe fairing which took the place of the port/forward missile launcher because of the lack of space.

The (E)F-4D Wild Weasel aircraft never progressed farther than a test platform for the Wild Weasel V electronics, so none entered active service in any USAF squadrons. 


(E)F-4D Wild Weasel Testbed



References:

  1. Drawings (c) by Kim Simmelink
  2. Wild Weasel - The SAM Suppression Story, by Larry Davis
Revisions:

10/27/2013 - Original Post

Saturday, October 26, 2013

Israeli Modification to F-4 Inboard Pylon

I cam across a very interesting piece of information recently, and it took me quite awhile to track it down and verify it.  But finally I purchased Double Ugly's fantastic books Israeli Phantoms vol 1 & 2 and found pictures and information to verify what I had heard.

It seems that the IAF had problems carrying the Popeye missile or the Rafael Tadmit when the AN/ALE-40 Chaff and Flare dispensers were mounted on the pylon sides.  The fins interfered with the AN/ALE-40 operation.  So they made a new pylon that would move the MAU-12 ejector rack forward so the fins would clear the AN/ALE-40. 
Sounds simple enough, but they couldn't leave the MAU-12 in the forward position when carrying conventional munitions because it moved the center of gravity too far forward.

So this was their solution:


A pylon that was longer and mounted the MAU-12 farther forward for the missiles, but that also had the ability to move the MAU-12 back to the original (normal) position for other weapon loads.  So here are what the pylons would look like with the MAU-12 in either position.

Here is the MAU-12 in the forward position for carrying the Popeye or Tadmit weapons.


Here is the MAU-12 in the aft (or normal) position for all other weapons.


References:

  1. Drawings (c) by Kim Simmelink
  2. Israeli Phantoms - The 'Kurnass' in IDF/AF Service - 1969-1988, by Andreas Klein & Shlomo Aloni
  3. Israeli Phantoms - The 'Kurnass' in IDF/AF Service - 1989 until Today, by Andreas Klein & Shlomo Aloni

Revisions:

10/26/2013 - Original Post





Where did all the F4H Prototypes Go?

There were many F4H prototypes, well pre-production aircraft probably would be a better term, and they were in great demand.  These aircraft were closely guarded by BuAer who determined who would get them and for how long.  This was necessary to ensure that the testing and systems development went smoothly and quickly.  Here is a list of aircraft and who they were bailed to (or lent to).


SERIAL# BUILD# BLOCK# BAILED TO
142259 1 McDonnell YF4H-1 Proof of concept Prototype
142260 2 McDonnell YF4H-1 Proof of concept Prototype. Used by McDonnell for inlet development work.
143388 3 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-1-MC) To McDonnell for equipment checks and then to General Electric (along with build# 13) for testing and development of the J79-GE-8 engine.
143389 4 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-1-MC) To NAMTC (Naval Air Missile Test Center) at Point Mugu NAS for tests of the Sparrow missile system.
143390 5 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-1-MC) To Raytheon for development of the Sparrow missile system.
143391 6 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-1-MC) US Navy - for carrier suitability trials.
143392 7 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-1-MC) US Navy - equipped to the initial production standard with the 32-inch radome, the AAA-4 IRST, and a special spin chute in the tail. Sent to Edwards AFB for spin trials.
145307 8 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-2-MC) US Navy - used for structural & load testing.
145308 9 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-2-MC) To McDonnell - stayed in St. Louis for developing equipment.
145309 10 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-2-MC) To Raytheon for studies of the APQ-72
145310 11 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-2-MC) To Edwards AFB for nuclear weapons delivery
145311 12 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-2-MC) Devoted to the world speed record program.
145312 13 McDonnell F4H-1F (F-4A-2-MC) To General Electric for testing and development of the J79-GE-8 engine.
       

References:

  1. Engineering the F-4 Phantom II - Parts Into Systems, by Glenn E. Bugos
Revisions:

10/26/2013 - Original Post

Friday, October 25, 2013

F4H Phantom II Ejection Seat History

One question that I have often seen asked on forums is:

"What ejection seat did the early F4Hs use?" 

It seems that various authors have given credit either to Stanley Aviation Company or McDonnell for making the original seat.  Well, actually both parties are right - somewhat.  Here is what I have been able to come up with from my reading and researching.

In 1955 McDonnell did give Stanley Aviation Company a contract for an F4H ejection seat.  But, according to what I have been able to find, this was not for a complete, turnkey ejection seat.  The Naval Air Material Center was to provide the explosive seat catapult and McDonnell was providing the seat pan that held the survival equipment and all the connections for the pilots pressure suit.  These connections were vitally important upon ejection because the pilot would depend on the pressure suit immediately after an ejection at high altitude and there needed to be a good separation on ejection from the air-conditioning system.  So there were some issues to be ironed out as the engineers at McDonnell tried to make the pan and all required connections fit the seat made by Stanley.  But in 1956 the F4H mockup board approved the cockpit with the Stanley / McDonnell seat.  And this was the seat that was used in the prototype and many of the pre-production aircraft.



So just how did the production aircraft end up with Martin-Baker seats? 

In August 1957 the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) directed BuAer to use only "zero-zero" ejection seats in all future (and existing) aircraft projects.  This was because of the 265 Naval pilots that died in 1957, 172 died following aircraft problems at low altitude / low airspeed.  BuAer cobbled together a quick design competition and in May 1958 selected the Martin-Baker Mk.5 seat as their choice to be the standard seat in Naval combat aircraft.  All the airframe manufacturers were then notified to negotiate a contract with Martin-Baker to modify the seat to fit their aircraft. 




So then, why do we see the Stanley / McDonnell seat installed in F4H aircraft after that date? 

Well both McDonnell and Stanley had a lot of work and money tied up into their seat in design hours, manufacturing startup, and many, many hours testing and refining their seat.  To make matters worse, all that work and testing would have to be redone with a Martin-Baker seat installation.  Everything from fitting the seat into the airframe, controlling ejection sequences, ensuring that a ejection through the canopy was survivable, and a host of other engineering puzzles would have to be designed and thoroughly tested before putting a new seat into the aircraft.  And this came at a very inconvenient time for the F4H project as it would have delayed the first flight and some of the initial testing of the F4H.  In addition the Martin-Baker seat added 103 lbs. to the weight and $600,000.00 to the price tag of the Phantom.  So simply stated, McDonnell was very, very slow in making the change over.  And there really was no incentive to move quickly because BuAer was paying the bills for continuing development of the Stanley / McDonnell seat as a hedge against the possibility of a protracted development of the Martin-Baker seat for the F4H.  So it wasn't until December of 1960 that McDonnell finally canceled the contract with Stanley (although Stanley received a nice buy-out from BuAer since it was their directive that was forcing the change).

An interesting side note is that even though McDonnell had cancelled the contract, they still were not done with Stanley Aviation Company ejection seats completely. It seems that at some point there must have been thought given to using a Stanley escape capsule / seat  on proposed high performance models of the Phantom (possibly advanced interceptor proposals like the Model 98AL or 98CN).  Here are some pictures of the capsule in a mock-up of the forward fuselage of the F-4.



 It sure makes a tight cockpit a bit tighter!
 
 

Sources:
  1. Engineering the F-4 Phantom II - Parts Into Systems, by Glenn E Bugos
  2. http://www.ejectionsite.com

Revision History:

10/25/2013 - Original Post
10/26/2013 - Added information about Ejection Capsule


Saturday, October 12, 2013

Books about the F-4 Phantom II

This is not a complete list, but rather a list of the books I currently own, or have on my wish list.  Even so it is readily apparent that there isn't a lack of documentation on the service the Phantom II provided over the years.  I will be adding my personal rating (out of 5 possible stars) and comments as time allows.



Book Information
Book Cover
   
F-4C Phantom II - Post Vietnam Markings 1974-1984
Color & Marking Series 03
by Bert Kinzey
«««  
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Aero Publishers (November 1985)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0816845271
  • ISBN-13: 978-0816845279
  • Product Dimensions: 10.8 x 8.3 x 0.3 inches
  • Black & White Photos: 122
  • Color Photos: 93
  • Scale Line Drawings: 0
 
 
F-4D Phantom II - Post Vietnam Markings
Color & Marking Series 04
by Bert Kinzey
«««
 
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Aero Publishers (November 1986)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 083068428X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0830684281
  • Product Dimensions: 11.2 x 8.5 x 0.2 inches
  • Black & White Photos:
  • Color Photos:
  • Scale Line Drawings: 0
 
 
US Navy & USMC CAG Aircraft, Vol.1 - Fighters
Color & Marking Series 10
by Bert Kinzey & Ray Leader

«««  
 
  • Paperback: 72 pages
  • Publisher: TAB Books (October 1988)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0830685340
  • ISBN-13: 978-0830685349
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8.5 x 0.2 inches
  • Black & White Photos:
  • Color Photos:
  • Scale Line Drawings: 0
 
 
F-4E Phantom II - Post Vietnam Markings
Color & Marking Series 13
by Bert Kinzey & Ray Leader
 «««
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Airlife Pub. (February 1989)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1853106143
  • ISBN-13: 978-1853106149
 
 
US Navy F-4 Phantoms - Pt. 1 - Atlantic Coast Markings
Color & Marking Series 17
by Bert Kinzey & Ray Leader
 «««
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Airlife Publishing Ltd; 1st edition (December 31, 1990)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1853106240
  • ISBN-13: 978-1853106248
  • Product Dimensions: 10.7 x 8.4 x 0.2 inches
 
 
US Navy F-4 Phantoms - Pt. 2 - Pacific Coast Markings
Color & Marking Series 22
by Bert Kinzey & Ray Leader
 «««
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Squadron/Signal Publications; First Edition edition (September 1993)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0890241945
  • ISBN-13: 978-0890241943
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8.4 x 0.3 inches
 
 
Recon Phantoms - USAF RF-4C & USMC RF-4B Variants
Color & Marking Series 23
by Bert Kinzey & Ray Leader
 «««
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Kalmbach Publishing Co.; 1st edition (August 1994)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0890242216
  • ISBN-13: 978-0890242216
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 10.6 x 8.5 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom II - Vol. 1 - USAF F-4C, F-4D, RF-4C
Detail & Scale Series 01
by Bert Kinzey
«««
  • Paperback: 72 pages
  • Publisher: Aero Publishers Inc. (1981)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10:
  • ISBN-13:
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8.4 x 0.3 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom II - Vol. 2 - USAF F-4E & F-4G
Detail & Scale Series 07
by Bert Kinzey
«««
  • Paperback: 72 pages
  • Publisher: Squadron/Signal Publications (May 1993)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0890241635
  • ISBN-13: 978-0890241639
  • Product Dimensions: 10.7 x 8.3 x 0.3 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom II - Vol. 3 - USN & USMC Versions
Detail & Scale Series 12
by Bert Kinzey
 «««
  • Paperback: 72 Pages
  • Publisher: Kalmbach Publishing Co. (May 1993)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0816850224
  • ISBN-13: 978-0816850228
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8.3 x 0.2 inches
 
 
The F-4 Phantom II
Famous Aircraft Series
by G.G. O'Rourke
«««
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill (May 1979)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0816856451
  • ISBN-13: 978-0816856459
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8.3 x 0.2 inches
 
 
McDonnell F-4 Phantom II
Aero Series No. 36
by Robert F Dorr
 
  • Paperback: 128 pages
  • Publisher: Aero Publishers (August 1989)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0830686177
  • ISBN-13: 978-0830686179
  • Product Dimensions: 9 x 7.2 x 0.4 inches

 
 
McDonnell F-4D
Aerofax Minigraph 04
by Rene Francillon
 ««
  • Paperback: 40 Pages
  • Publisher: Aerofax (May 1985)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0942548094
  • ISBN-13: 978-0942548099
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8 x 0.2 inches
 
 
McDonnell RF-4 Variants
Aerofax Minigraph 13
by Jay Miller 
 «« 
  • Paperback
  • Publisher: Aerofax (December 1984)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0942548183
  • ISBN-13: 978-0942548181
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8.5 x 0.2 inches
 
 
McDonnell F-4E Phantom II
Aerofax Minigraph 20
by Tim McGovern
  « «
  • Paperback: 48 pages
  • Publisher: Aerofax; 1st edition (June 1992)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0942548248
  • ISBN-13: 978-0942548242
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8.5 x 0.3 inches
 
 
McDonnell Douglas F-4
Aero Detail 04
US Navy & Marines
  «««
  • Paperback: 78 Pages
  • Publisher: Aero Detail?
  • Language: Japanese (also English captions to pictures)
 
 
USAFE Phantoms
Post WWII Combat Aircraft Series 01
by Patrick Martin & Christian Gerard
  ««««
  • Paperback
  • Publisher: Airdoc - Aircraft Documentations (2005)
  • ASIN: B000YNTBZ8
 
 
Luftwaffe Phantoms
Part 1 - The MDD F-4F Phantom II in German Air Force Service - 1973-1982

Post WWII Combat Aircraft Series 06
by Andreas Klein
 ««««
  • Paperback
  • Publisher: Airdoc - Aircraft Documentations (2004)
  • ISBN-10: 3935687060
  • ISBN-13: 978-3935687065
  • ASIN: B000TYX02M
 
 
Luftwaffe Phantoms
Part 2 - The MDD F-4F Phantom II in German Air Force Service - 1982-2003
Post WWII Combat Aircraft Series 7
by Andreas Klein
«««« 
  • Paperback
  • Publisher: Airdoc - Aircraft Documentations (January 1, 2004)
  • ASIN: B000YNOFJK
 
 
Luftwaffe Phantoms
Part 3 - The MDD RF-4E Phantom II in German Air Force Service
Post WWII Combat Aircraft Series 08
by Andreas Klein & Ralf Jahnke
 ««««
  • Paperback: 72 pages
  • Publisher: Airdoc - Aircraft Documentations (2004)
  • Language: English, German
  • ISBN-10: 3935687087
  • ISBN-13: 978-3935687089
  • ASIN: B000TYYQY8
 
 
Fluglehrzentrum F-4F
Modern Combat Aircraft Special Series 01
by Wilfried Zetsche
 «««
 
  • Paperback
  • Publisher: Airdoc - Aircraft Documentations (2006)
  • ISBN-10: 3935687532
  • ISBN-13: 978-3935687539
  • ASIN: B000TYV85I
 
 
Luftwaffe Phantoms
The F-4F and RF-4E in Norm 72 Camouflage

Modern Combat Aircraft Special Series 007
by Andreas Klein
(on my wish list)
  • Paperback: 72 pages
  • Publisher: Airdoc - Aircraft Documentations (2007)
  • Language: English, German
  • ISBN-10: 3935687648
  • ISBN-13: 978-3935687645
 
 
USMC Phantoms
F-4B/J/N/S and RF-4B of the US Marine Corps

Modern Combat Aircraft Special Series 009
by Patrick Martin & Andreas Klein
(on my wish list)
  • Paperback
  • Publisher: Airdoc - Aircraft Documentations (2008)
  • ISBN-10: 3935687699
  • ISBN-13: 978-3935687690
 
 
F-4 Phantom
Warbirds Illustrated No. 27
by Richard C. Stern
«« 
  • Paperback: 72 pages
  • Publisher: Arms & Armour Press (September 1984)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 085368670X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0853686705
  • Product Dimensions: 8.4 x 5.8 x 0.7 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom, Vol. 2
Warbirds Illustrated No. 46
by Richard C. Stern
(on my wish list)
  • Paperback: 72 pages
  • Publisher: Weidenfeld Military (September 1987)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0853688281
  • ISBN-13: 978-0853688280
  • Product Dimensions: 9.6 x 7.1 x 0.2 inches
 
 
Warriors At 500 Knots: Intense Stories Of Valiant Crews Flying The Legendary F-4 Phantom II In The Vietnam Air War.
by Robert F Kirk
(on my wish list)
  • Paperback: 228 pages
  • Publisher: AuthorHouse (April 27, 2011)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1456756753
  • ISBN-13: 978-1456756758
  • Product Dimensions: 0.5 x 8.9 x 5.9 inches
 
 
The McDonnell Douglas RF-4E - 1982-1995
F-40 Die Flugzeuge Der Bundeswehr 39
by Ralf Jahnke
 «««
  • Paperback: 192 Seiten
  • Publisher: PeCom-Datentechnik GmbH; Auflage: 1. (2001)
  • Language: German (picture captions in English)
  • ASIN: B007RMM2SC
 
 
Uncovering the US Navy Q/F-4B/J/N/S Phantom
by Danny Coremans
«««««
  • Paperback: 176 pages
  • Publisher: DACO Publications (2010)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 9080674796
  • ISBN-13: 978-9080674790
  • Product Dimensions: 9.25 x 8.5 x 0.4 inches
 
 
Israeli Phantoms Vol. 1
The "Kurnass" in IDF/AF Service 1969-1988
The Ultimate F-4 Phantom II Collection No.01
by Andreas Klein & Shlomo Aloni
 «««««
Book Cover
  • Hardcover: 160 Pages
  • Publisher: Double Ugly Books (2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 3935687818
  • ISBN-13: 978-3935687812
  • Product Dimensions: 11.8 x 8.5 x 0.6 inches
 
 
Israeli Phantoms Vol. 2
The "Kurnass" in IDF/AF Service 1989 to the Present
The Ultimate F-4 Phantom II Collection No.02
by Andreas Klein & Shlomo Aloni
    «««««
Book Cover
  • Hardcover: 160 Pages
  • Publisher: Double Ugly Books (2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 3935687826
  • ISBN-13: 978-3935687829
  • Product Dimensions: 11.9 x 8.4 x 0.6 inches
 
 
US Navy Phantoms
Atlantic & Pacific Fleet Units 1960-2004

The Ultimate F-4 Phantom II Collection No.03
by Patrick Martin & Andreas Klein
 
Book Cover
  • Hardcover
  • Publisher: Double Ugly Books (2010)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 3935687834
  • ISBN-13: 978-3935687836
  • Product Dimensions: 11.9 x 8.4 x 0.6 inches
 
 
The Ultimate F-4 Phantom II Collection No.04
British Phantoms
The Phantom FG Mk.1 and FGR Mk.2 in Royal Navy and RAF Service - 1966-1978
by Patrick Martin
(on my wish list)
Book Cover
  • Hardcover
  • Publisher: Double Ugly Books (2010)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 3935687834
  • ISBN-13: 978-3935687836
  • Product Dimensions: 11.9 x 8.4 x 0.6 inches
 
 
The Detail Series 01
Phantom II - A Detailed Look at the F-4E/F and RF-4E
by Peter Anthoni and Nico Deboeck
(on my wish list)
  • Paperback: 140 pages
  • Publisher: GREYHOUND (2003)
  • ASIN: B004LAPGV8
 
 
McDonnell Douglas Phantom - F-4K and F-4M
Warpaint Series No. 31
by Steve Hazell
 ««
  • Paperback
  • Publisher: War Paint Books Ltd (2000)
  • ASIN: B006UHERSI
  • Product Dimensions: 30.2 x 21.2 x 0.4 cm
 
 
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom - 1958 onwards (all marks)
Owner's Workshop Manual Series
by Ian Black
««««

 
  • Hardcover: 160 pages
  • Publisher: Haynes Publishing (February 1, 2012)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 9781844259960
  • ISBN-13: 978-1844259960
  • ASIN: 184425996X
  • Product Dimensions: 0.6 x 8.5 x 10.9 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom
by Frank B. Mormillo  
«
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Allan (Ian) Ltd (October 1990)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0711019282
  • ISBN-13: 978-0711019287
  • Product Dimensions: 8.9 x 6.6 x 0.4 inches
 
 
RAF Phantom
Aircraft Illustrated Special
by Peter R Foster
  • Paperback:
  • Publisher: Allan (Ian) Ltd
  • Language: English
 
 
Phantom
RAF Aircraft Today Series 1
by Bill Gunston
««
  • Paperback: 100 pages
  • Publisher: Allan (Ian) Ltd (1984)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0711013837
  • ISBN-13: 978-0711013834
  • ASIN: B007ZG58K4
 
 
McDonnell F-4 Phantom
Aviation Notebook Series
by Stewart Wilson
 ««
  • Paperback: 48 pages
  • Publisher: Notebook Publications; 1 edition (May 15, 2000)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1876722002
  • ISBN-13: 978-1876722005
  • Product Dimensions: 9.8 x 7.3 x 0.2 inches
 
 
Phantom - McDonnell Phantom FG Mk1 / FGR Mk 2
Aeroguide Series 13
by Roger Chesneau
 «««
  • Paperback: 36 pages
  • Publisher: Linewrights Ltd (1986)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0946958149
  • ISBN-13: 978-0946958146
  • Product Dimensions: 11.5 x 8.3 x 0.2 inches
 
 
Tiger Squadron Phantom - McDonnell Douglas F-4J(UK) Phantom
Aeroguide Series 25
by Roger Chesneau
 «««
  • Paperback: 36 pages
  • Publisher: Linewrights Ltd (May 1989)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0946958327
  • ISBN-13: 978-0946958320
  • Product Dimensions: 11.5 x 8.3 x 0.2 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom II Production and Operational Data
by William R Peake
«««««

  • Paperback: 360 pages
  • Publisher: Midland Pub Ltd (June 6, 2005)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1857801903
  • ISBN-13: 978-1857801903
  • Product Dimensions: 0.9 x 8.4 x 10.8 inches
 
 
McDonnell F-4 Phantom II in US Navy, USMC, USAF, RAF, FAA, RAAF, Luftwaffe and Foreign Service - Vol. 1
Aircam Aviation Series 30
by Richard Ward & Rene Francillon
 ««
  • Paperback: 48 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing Ltd. (1972)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0850450454
  • ISBN-13: 978-0850450453
  • Product Dimensions: 9.5 x 7 x 0.3 inches
 
 
McDonnell F-4 Phantom II in USAF, US Navy, USMC, RAF, FAA, Luftwaffe and IIAF Service - Vol. 2
Aircam Aviation Series 41
by Richard Ward & Rene Francillon
«« 
  • Paperback: 52 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing Ltd. (1984)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0711013837
  • Product Dimensions: 9.5 x 7 x 0.3 inches
 
 
USAF McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
Air Vanguard Series 07
by Peter Davies
 ««««     
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing (April 23, 2013)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1780966083
  • ISBN-13: 978-1780966083
  • Product Dimensions: 9.7 x 7 x 0.3 inches
 
 
Israeli F-4 Phantom Aces
Aircraft of the Aces Series 60
by Shlomo Aloni
««««
  • Paperback: 96 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing (April 27, 2004)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1841767832
  • ISBN-13: 978-1841767833
  • Product Dimensions: 0.3 x 7 x 9.7 inches
 
 
Arab - Israeli Air Wars 1947-1982
Combat Aircraft Series 23
by Shlomo Aloni
 «««
  • Paperback: 96 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing (February 25, 2001)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1841762946
  • ISBN-13: 978-1841762944
  • Product Dimensions: 7.5 x 9.8 inches
 
 
US Navy F-4 Phantom II MiG Killers - 1965-70
Combat Aircraft Series 26
by Brad Elward & Peter Davies
««« 
  • Paperback: 96 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing Ltd. (November 25, 2001)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 184176163X
  • ISBN-13: 978-1841761633
  • Product Dimensions: 0.3 x 7.2 x 9.6 inches
 
 
US Navy F-4 Phantom II MiG Killers - 1972-73
Combat Aircraft Series 30
by Brad Elward & Peter Davies
««« 
  • Paperback: 96 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing Ltd (August 19, 2002)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1841762644
  • ISBN-13: 978-1841762647
  • Product Dimensions: 7.2 x 9.8 inches
 
 
Iranian F-4 Phantom II Units in Combat
Combat Aircraft Series 37
by Farzad Bishop & Tom Cooper
««««
  • Paperback: 96 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing (July 23, 2003)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1841766585
  • ISBN-13: 978-1841766584
  • Product Dimensions: 0.3 x 7.2 x 9.8 inches
 
 
USAF F-4 Phantom II MiG Killers - 1965-68
Combat Aircraft Series 45
by Peter E Davies
«««
  • Paperback: 96 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing; First Edition edition (May 25, 2004)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1841766569
  • ISBN-13: 978-1841766560
  • Product Dimensions: 7.5 x 10 inches
 
 
USAF F-4 Phantom II MiG Killers - 1972-73
Combat Aircraft Series 55
by Peter E Davies
««« 
  • Paperback: 96 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing (May 8, 2005)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1841766577
  • ISBN-13: 978-1841766577
  • Product Dimensions: 0.3 x 7.2 x 9.6 inches
 
 
US Marine Corps F-4 Phantom II Units of the Vietnam War
Combat Aircraft Series 94
by Peter E Davies
(on my wish list)
  • Paperback: 96 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing; (December 18, 2012)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1849087512
  • ISBN-13: 978-1849087513
  • Product Dimensions: 0.4 x 7 x 9.4 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom II vs MiG-21 - USAF & VPAF in the Vietnam War
Duel Series 12
by Peter E Davies
««« 
  • Paperback: 80 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing (September 23, 2008)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1846033160
  • ISBN-13: 978-1846033162
  • Product Dimensions: 0.2 x 7.2 x 9.6 inches
 
 
USN F-4 Phantom II vs VPAF MiG-17,19 - Vietnam 1965-72
Duel Series 23
by Peter E Davies
««« 
  • Paperback: 80 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing; First Edition edition (November 17, 2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1846034752
  • ISBN-13: 978-1846034756
  • Product Dimensions: 0.3 x 7.4 x 9.8 inches
 
 
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
Air Combat Series
by Robert F Dorr
(On my wish list)
  • Hardcover: 192 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing (November 22, 1984)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0850455871
  • ISBN-13: 978-0850455878
  • Product Dimensions: 10.6 x 8 x 0.9 inches
 
 
Phantom from the Cockpit: - Flying the Legend
by Peter Caygill
««««
  • Hardcover: 173 pages
  • Publisher: Pen & Sword (December 31, 2005)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1844152251
  • ISBN-13: 978-1844152254
  • Product Dimensions: 9.3 x 6.3 x 1.1 inches
 
 
Phantom Reflections - The Education of an American Fighter Pilot in Vietnam
by Mike McCarthy
««««
  • Paperback: 208 pages
  • Publisher: Stackpole Books (January 31, 2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0811735540
  • ISBN-13: 978-0811735544
  • Product Dimensions: 0.6 x 6.1 x 8.9 inches
 
 
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom
Profile 208
Edited by Charles W Cain
«« 
  • Paperback: 20 pages
  • Publisher: Profile Publications Ltd. (1973)
  • Language: English
  • ASIN: B001BQ4GNO
  • Product Dimensions: 24.2 x 18.2 x 0.3 cm
 
 
McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Since 1920 - Vol. II
by Rene J Francillon
««««
  • Hardcover: 482 pages
  • Publisher: US Naval Institute Press (October 1, 1990)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1557505500
  • ISBN-13: 978-1557505507
  • Product Dimensions: 1.3 x 5.7 x 8.7 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom - Variant by Variant - Part 1
Edited by Radek Vavrina
««
   
F-4 Phantom - Variant by Variant - Part 2
Edited by Radek Vavrina
««
   
The Modern Phantom Guide - The F-4 Phantom Exposed
by Jake Melampy
««««« 
  • Paperback: 228 pages
  • Publisher: Reid Air Publications; 1st edition (August 17, 2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 097950645X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0979506451
  • Product Dimensions: 10.9 x 8.5 x 0.7 inches
 
 
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II - A Comprehensive Guide for the Modeller - Part 1 - USAF Variants
Modeller's Datafile Series 12
by Andy Evans
«««
  • Paperback: 128 pages
  • Publisher: SAM Publications (October 2007)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0955185831
  • ISBN-13: 978-0955185830
  • Product Dimensions: 11.4 x 8.2 x 0.2 inches
 
 
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II - A Comprehensive Guide for the Modeller - Part 2 - US Navy & Marine Corps Variants
Modeller's Datafile Series 13
by Andy Evans
««« 
  • Paperback: 128 pages
  • Publisher: SAM Publications (June 2008)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 095518584X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0955185847
  • Product Dimensions: 11.6 x 8.2 x 0.4 inches
 
 
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II - A Comprehensive Guide for the Modeller - Part 3 - Overseas Operators
Modeller's Datafile Series 14
by Andy Evans
(on my wish list)
  • Paperback: 128 pages
  • Publisher: SAM Publications; First Edition edition (January 2008)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0955185858
  • ISBN-13: 978-0955185854
  • Product Dimensions: 11.6 x 8.2 x 0.3 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom IIs of the USAF Reserve and ANG
by Don Logan
(on my wish list)
  • Hardcover: 298 pages
  • Publisher: Schiffer Publishing (January 1, 2002)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0764316273
  • ISBN-13: 978-0764316272
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8.7 x 1.4 inches
 
 
USAF F-4 and F-105 MiG Killers of the Vietnam War, 1965-1973
by Donald J McCarthy Jr.
  • Publisher: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. (January 1, 2004)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0764322567
  • ISBN-13: 978-0764322563
  • Product Dimensions: 11.1 x 8.8 x 0.8 inches
 
 
Gray Ghosts, U.S. Navy & Marine Corps F-4 Phantoms
by Peter E Davies
Book Cover
  • Hardcover: 240 pages
  • Publisher: Schiffer Pub Ltd (March 2000)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0764310216
  • ISBN-13: 978-0764310218
  • Product Dimensions: 1.1 x 8.7 x 11.1 inches
 
 
McDonnell Douglas F-4K and F-4M Phantom II
by Michael Burns
  • Hardcover: 200 pages
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing Ltd. (UK); (June 1984)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0850455642
  • ISBN-13: 978-0850455649
  • Product Dimensions: 10.7 x 8 x 0.9 inches
 
 
Phantom in Combat
by Walter J Boyne
«« 
  • Hardcover: 192 pages
  • Publisher: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. (January 1, 2004)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0887405991
  • ISBN-13: 978-0887405990
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8.7 x 0.9 inches
 
 
McDonnell Douglas F-4 Gun Nosed Phantoms
Warbird Tech Series Vol. 8
by Kris Hughes & Walter Dranem
««« 
  • Paperback: 100 pages
  • Publisher: Specialty Press; 1st edition (July 28, 1997)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 093342471X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0933424715
  • Product Dimensions: 10.8 x 8.3 x 0.3 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom II in Action
In Action Series 05
by Lou Drendel
«««
  • Paperback: 48 pages
  • Publisher: Squadron/Signal Publications I (1979)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0897470044
  • ISBN-13: 978-0897470049
  • Product Dimensions: 10.8 x 8.1 x 0.2 inches
 
 
F-4 Phantom II in Action
In Action Series 65
by Larry Davis
«««
  • Paperback: 58 pages
  • Publisher: Squadron/Signal Publications; 1st edition (May 1984)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0897471547
  • ISBN-13: 978-0897471541
  • Product Dimensions: 10.8 x 8 x 0.1 inches
 
 
F-4E Phantom II Walk Around
Walk Around Series 45
by Larry Davis
««« 
  • Paperback: 80 pages
  • Publisher: Squadron/Signal Publications; 1st edition (March 2007)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0897475119
  • ISBN-13: 978-0897475112
  • Product Dimensions: 10.8 x 8 x 0.3 inches
 
 
Phantom II - A Pictorial History of the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
by Lou Drendel
«««
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Squadron/Signal Publications (1985)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0897470621
  • ISBN-13: 978-0897470629
  • ASIN: B002L4MVPU
  • Product Dimensions: 8.4 x 5.8 x 0.7 inches
 


USAF Phantoms in Combat
by Lou Drendel
«««


  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Squadron/Signal Publications Inc.; 1st edition (June 25, 1987)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0897471865
  • ISBN-13: 978-0897471862
  • Product Dimensions: 10.8 x 8.3 x 0.3 inches
 
USN Phantoms in Combat
by Lou Drendel
«««
 
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Squadron/Signal Publications; 1st edition (October 1988)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0897472136
  • ISBN-13: 978-0897472135
  • Product Dimensions: 10.7 x 8.4 x 0.2 inches
 
 
Wild Weasel - The SAM Suppresion Story
by Larry Davis
«««« 
  • Paperback: 64 pages
  • Publisher: Squadron/Signal Publications; 1st edition (1986)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0897471784
  • ISBN-13: 978-0897471787
  • Product Dimensions: 10.7 x 8.3 x 0.5 inches
 
 
Engineering the F-4 Phantom II: Parts Into Systems
by Glenn E Bugos
«««««  
  • Hardcover: 258 pages
  • Publisher: Naval Institute Press (March 1, 1996)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1557500894
  • ISBN-13: 978-1557500892
  • Product Dimensions: 0.9 x 6.2 x 9.1 inches
 
 
McDonnell Douglas F-4E Phantom II
Lock On No. 8
by Francois Verlinden & Willy Peeters
««
  • Paperback: 36 pages
  • Publisher: Verlinden Publications; 1st edition (April 1, 1990)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 9070932202
  • ISBN-13: 978-9070932206
  • Product Dimensions: 9.4 x 8.5 x 0.2 inches
 
 
F.G.R.2 Phantom: No. 92 Squadron, Royal Air Force
Lock On No. 10
by Francois Verlinder
«« 

  • Paperback: 36 pages
  • Publisher: Verlinden Publications (November 1, 1990)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1930607431
  • ISBN-13: 978-1930607439
  • Product Dimensions: 9.2 x 8.8 x 0.2 inches
 
 
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
Aerodata International Series No. 14
 ««
  • Paperback: 20 pages
  • Publisher: Visual Art Productions; 1St Edition edition (1980)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 090546995X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0905469959
 
 
McDonnell F-4 Phantom - Spirit in the Skies
by John Lake & David Donald
«««««
  • Hardcover: 267 pages
  • Publisher: Aerospace Publishing / Airtime Publishing; Enlarged 2nd edition (October 1, 2002)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1880588315
  • ISBN-13: 978-1880588314
  • Product Dimensions: 11.9 x 9.5 x 0.9 inches
 
 
F-4E Phantom Kunass in IAF Service, Pt. 1
IsraDecal Aircraft in Detail 4
by Ra'anan Weiss and Shlomo Aloni
 
  • Hardcover: 267 pages
  • Publisher: Isra Decal
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 9789657220054
  • Product Dimensions: 11.9 x 9.5 x 0.9 inches
 
The Phantom Story
by Anthony M. Thornborough and Peter E. Davies
 
  • Hardcover: 296 pages
  • Publisher: Cassell
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 030435712X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0304357123
  • Product Dimensions: 10.7 x 8.5 x 0.8 inches
 
Combat Legend - F-4 Phantom
Combat Legends Series
by Martin W. Bowman
 
  • Hardcover: 96 pages
  • Publisher: The Crowood Press
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1840374012
  • ISBN-13: 978-1840374018
  • Product Dimensions: 9.6 x 7.5 x 0.3 inches
 
McDonnell F-4 Phantom, Vol. 1: US Navy and Marine Versions
Plane & Pilot Series
by Gerard Paloque
 

  • Hardcover: 80 pages
  • Publisher: Histoire and Collections
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 2352501148
  • ISBN-13: 978-2352501145
  • Product Dimensions: 0.3 x 7.8 x 9.2 inches 
 
McDonnell F-4 Phantom, Vol. 2: US Air Force and Export Versions
Plane & Pilot Series
by Gerard Paloque
 
 
  • Hardcover: 80 pages
  • Publisher: Casemate Publishers
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 2352501490
  • ISBN-13: 8-2352501497
  • Product Dimensions: 0.3 x 7.8 x 9.2 inches
 
 


Revisions:

01/06/2014 - Added more books
10/26/2013 - Added book information and ratings
10/12/2013 - Initial Post